Nama : Nik Abdul Aziz bin Nik Mat Tarikh Lahir: 1931 Tempat lahir : Kampung Pulau Melaka,Kelantan. Pengajian : Pondok Tuanguru Hj Abbas, Besut Universiti Deoband India Universiti Lahore Pakistan Universiti Al Azhar Sarjana Muda bahasa Arab Sarjana Perundangan Islam
According to Hussain Yaacob (1992), Nik Abdul Aziz B. Nik Mat was born in 1931 at Pulau Melaka, a village located about 7 km from Kota Bharu town. His father, the late Tok Guru Haji Nik Mat B. Raja Banjar is a famous Islamic Scholar at that time. The late Haji Nik Mat Alim was the founder for Pulau Melaka Islamic School or Sekolah pondok (hut type school). Haji Nik Mat really serious about his sons Islamic education and this is one of the factor that contributed to the style of leadership perform by Tok Guru Nik Aziz. He trained all his son and daughter about the Islamic knowledge from early days.
Furthermore, Tok guru Nik Aziz also had been sent to learn Islamic knowledge from Tok Khurasan, one of the most famous ĎGuruí in Kelantan at that time. Later, Tok Guru Nik Aziz continue his study with a few other Islamic Scholar in Kelantan and Jertih, Terengganu with the late Tuan Guru Haji Abbas Haji Ahmad at Madrasah Ittifaqiah.
After 5 years studied at the school, in 1952 Tok Guru Nik Aziz went to India to further his study at the Deoband Darul Ulum in India. The course at Deoband took about 5 years. From India, Tok Guru Nik Aziz continue his Islamic Education at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. There, he took the Arabic Language and Islamic Law as main subject After 4 years, this brilliant Tok Guru managed to pass and finish his Bachelor Of Arts and Master of Art in Islamic law. In 1962, Tok Guru Nik Aziz went to Malaya (now Malaysia). Tok Guru Nik Aziz can speak a few foreign languages such as Arabic, Tamil, Urdu and English. In 1963, Tok Guru Nik Aziz married with Tuan Sabariah Tuan Ishak (at that time his wife was 14 years old). Now, both of them got 10 children (5 daughter and 5 sons). According to Tok Guru Nik Aziz, all his children took Islamic education as their main subject.
After coming back from Egypt, Tok Guru start his work as the full time religious teacher and become an Islamic preacher, to full fill his father ambition. In the middle of 1960, Tok Guru Nik Aziz was a part time teacher and teaches the adult class people for one year (Guru kelas dewasa KEMAS). He agreed to be the teacher because they (the class supervisor) allow him to gave his lectures without any term and condition (Tak payah ikut telunjuk atau arahan orang kemas, so dia setuju, jangan silap faham pula macam MB Kedah tu selalu dok kata ).
Tok Guru Nik Abdul Aziz seriously join the Parti Islam Semalaysia or PAS after resigned as the adult class teacher. In a few month after that, i.e. in 1967, he was offered as the candidate for by-election for Kelantan Hilir (now Pengkalan Chepa) parliamentary seat. He has won the by-election at Kelantan Hilir or Pengkalan Chepa parliamentary seat from the year 1967 and every time there was another election, he won the seat until 1986 when he was transferred to another parliamentary seat in Bachok, Kelantan.
Nik Aziz as the Central Ulamak Council Chief
Tok Guru Nik Aziz has been elected as the Central Ulamak Council Chief from 1968 until now. This position give him authority to advice all matters pertaining to Islamic faced by the party and the followers.
Nik Aziz as the Kelantanís PAS Commisioner
As a good leader, Tok Guru Nik Azizís followers has request to the top partyís leaders to appoint him as the Kelantan state party commisioner. They (the followers) need a leaders that was well versed about Islam and they did not want any secular leaders anymore. At last, the top partyís leaders had agreed to appoint him as the Kelantanís PAS commissioner, a strong position that give him certain power to manage and control the partyís activities particularly in Kelantan . Compare to the other state, Kelantan is the only state in Malaysia with the biggest PAS followers. In another words, the position as Kelantanís PAS Commissioner is actually a big opportunity and not so many opposition party leader in Malaysia can hold that position.
At first, Tok Guru Nik Aziz did not want to accept that post. He felt that other PAS leader should hold that post, not him. As a humble leader, Tok Guru Nik Aziz keep on telling his follower that he was not the right person. But after so many pressures given to him, at last he accept it based on a <italic>hadeeth</italic> (Nabi Muhammad words) that give guidelines on how a selected leader should not reject a good position if he (the potential leader) has the ability to lead compare to others.
Tok Guru As Chief Minister of Kelantan Darulnaim.
Tok Guru Nik Aziz has been appointed as the 5th. Chief Minister of Kelantan Darulnaim on 22nd. October 1990 at 8.00 pm to replace former Menteri Besar from the ruling government i.e. Barisan Nasional. He got the biggest majority during the national election for Kelantan. As an emerging Islamic and transformational leader, Tok Guru Nik Aziz has cut off 40% of his salary to be given to the savings of Kelantan PAS (<italic>dia dah buat penjimatan sejak lama dulu dah</italic>..). He also did not accept any allowance provided for him during Hari Raya (the celebrating holiday in Islam).
Tok Guru also warned all the elected exco and state assembly members to reject any prize given to them by any people. He felt that the prize given can be considered as misconduct or bribery that could led to corruption.
Itu sajer, nak tau lebih lanjut, silalah melawat beliau di rumah beliau kat tepi masjid Pulau Melaka, Kota Bharu, tengok dan saksikanlah sendiri rumah beliau yang amat sederhana, cuma dibuat dari kayu biasa, tangga dari simen (tak ada marmar atau mozaik etc) iaitu rumah tipikal masyarakat Melayu di Kelantan......
Feb 11 2005, 07:18 PM
Pemecatan Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim daripada jawatannya sebagai Timbalan Perdana Menteri dan Menteri Kewangan Malaysia, mencetuskan gelombang kebangkitan rakyat yang dinamakan "Reformasi". Penahanan beliau dibawah ISA dan kemudiannya tuduhan-tuduhan jenayah dan rasuah telah mencetuskan kesedaran politik rakyat yang percaya bahawa tindakan tersebut bermotifkan politik. Dari situlah lahirnya Parti Keadilan Nasional yang kemudiannya bercantum dengan Parti Rakyat Malaysia (PRM) menjadi Parti Keadilan Rakyat.
Anwar Ibrahim lahir di Pulau Pinang pada 1947. Beliau kemudiannya mendapat pendidikan di Pulau Pinang sebelum terpilih ke Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar, di mana beliau aktif di dalam perdebatan Bahasa Malaysia, pimpinan pelajar dan kesatuan pelajar Islam.
Seterusnya beliau melanjutkan pelajaran ke Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, di mana beliau terus aktif di dalam aktiviti mahasiswa. Selepas mendapat Ijazah Sarjana Muda Sastera dalam Pengajian Melayu, beliau memainkan peranan penting dalam penubuhan Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM), yang kemudian dipimpinnya. ABIM kemudian menjadi agen penting dalam gerakan mahasiswa 1970an yang menuntut pembasmian kemiskinan dan penghapusan rasuah. Beliau turut menubuhkan Yayasan Anda untuk membantu pelajar-pelajar yang miskin. Anwar ditahan dibawah ISA selama dua tahun pada waktu ini.
Pada tahun 1982, Anwar menyertai UMNO dan kemudian menjadi Ketua Pemuda UMNO, Naib Presiden UMNO dan seterusnya, pada 1993, Timbalan Presiden UMNO. Pada masa yang sama beliau memegang jawatan di Kementerian Kebudayaan, Belia dan Sukan; Pertanian; dan Pendidikan. Anwar kemudian dilantik menjadi Menteri Kewangan Malaysia dan memainkan peranan penting dalam pembangunan pesat ekonomi Malaysia pada dekad 1990an. Euromoney menamakan Anwar sebagai antara empat menteri kewangan terbaik 1993, sementara Asiamoney menobatkannya sebagai Menteri Kewangan Terbaik 1996.
Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim telah menulis buku Gelombang Kebangkitan Asia pada 1996.
Beliau telah mendirikan rumahtangga dengan Datin Seri Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, Presiden PKR, dan mempunyai enam orang anak.
Feb 11 2005, 07:45 PM
Born: 20.02.1941 Education: LL.B(Hons), University of London Marital Status: Married with four children
Party Position: Editor of ROCKET 1966 - 1969 National Organising Secretary 1966 - 1969 Secretary-General 1969 - 1999 National Chairman 1999 - 2004 Chairman of Central Policy and Strategic Planning Commission since 2004 Parliamentary Position: (i) Member of Parliament 1969 - 1999, 2004 -
Bandar Melaka 1969 - 1974 Kota Melaka 1974 - 1978 Petaling Jaya 1978 -1982 Kota Melaka 1982 - 1986 Tanjong 1986 - 1999 Ipoh Timur - since 2004 (ii) Parliamentary Opposition Leader 1975 - 1999; 2004 - State Assembly Record:
Kubu, Melaka 1974 - 1982 Kampong Kolam, Penang 1986 - 1990 Padang Kota, Penang 1990 -1995 Additional Political Experiences: (i) Detained under Internal Security Act - May 1969 - Oct 1970 (ii) Convicted of five charges under Official Secrets Act -1979 (iii) Detained under Internal Security Act -27 Ocotober 1987 - April 1989 International Involvements: (i) Socialist International Asia-Pacific Chairman - 1997 (ii) Member of PD Burma
Publications: 1. Time Bombs in Malaysia (1978) 2. DAP and Labour Issues (1978) 3. Malaysia In The Dangerous s (1982) 4. Constitutional Crisis in Malaysia (1983) 5. This Day In The Last 18 Months (1983) 6. The BMF Scandal (1984) 7. Harris Salleh - Politics & Morality (1984) 8. Human Rights In Malaysia (1985) 9. Malaysia - Crisis Of Identity (1986) 10. BMF - The Scandal Of Scandals (1986) 11. The North-South Highway Scandal (1987) 12. Prelude To Operation Lalang (1990) 13. The Dirtiest General Elections In The History Of Malaysia (1991) 14. Selected Speeches & Press Statements - Vol. I (1991) 15. Samy Vellu and MAIKA Scandal (1992) 16. Battle For Democracy (1992) 17. Vijandran Pornographic Videotape Scandal II (1992) 18. The Bank Negara RM30 Billion Forex Losses Scandal (1994) 19. The Highland Tower Tragedy (1994) 20. Pendedahan Skandal Kewangan - Siapa Petualang FELCRA? (1994) 21. Land Acquisition Act - Abuses, Injustices, Reform (1994)> 22. I.T. For All (1997) 23. Cyberlaws in Malaysia (1997) 24. Economic & Financial Crisis (1998) 25. Political & Economic Crisis in Malaysia (1998) 26. The Budget That Was Never Passed (1999) 27. Constitutional Case of the Millenium (2000) 28. BA & Islamic State (2001) 29. No To 929 (2002)
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